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Internet Protocol (IP) - Everything that you need to know
IP Technologies (Internet Protocol) In 1970, a research project was first developed to support computer networks. Today, IP has become a global standard for home and business networks. Our network routers, web browsers, email clients, and instant messaging software all depend on the level IP or IP address of other network protocols at the top.

Today, two versions of IP technology are available. Use of traditional local computer network IP version 4 (IPv4), but in some other networks, especially in academic and research institutes, IP version 6, the next generation (IPv6) has been introduced.

IPv4 address notation
The IPv4 address contains four bytes (32 bits). These bytes are called octets.


For readability, people usually work with IP addresses in the code named dotted decimal. This signal maintains a period between every four digits (octet) in which an IP address is included.

For example, the IP address you see as a computer:

00001010 000000000000000000000001
Dotted decimal number is:

10.0.0.1
Each byte has 8 bits, each octet has a maximum of 255 IP address, ranging from 0.0.0.0 to 255.255.255.255, IP addresses are spread over each IP address. There are a total of 4,294,967,296 potential IP addresses available.

IPv6 address notation
IP addresses with IPv6 will change significantly. IPv6 addresses are 16 bytes (128 bits) long instead of four bytes (32 bits). This size means that IPv supports more than 6:

300.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000
Potential Addresses! The increasing number of mobile phones and other consumer electronics production requires the expansion of its network capacity and its own address, because the small IPv4 address space is finally final and IPv6 is mandatory.

IPv6 addresses are usually written in the following form:

hhhh: hhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh.de
In this complete hint, the IPv6 pair is separated by the colon as in the following example, and each byte is displayed as Hexadezimalzahlpaar:

E3 D. 7: 0000: 0000: 0000: 51f4: 9cc 8: c8a: 6420
As shown above, IPv6 addresses usually have many null values ​​bytes. Shortcut hint in IPv6 removes these values ​​from the text presentation (though bytes are still in the actual network address):

E3 D7 :: 51f4: 9cc 8: c8a: 6420
After all, IPv6 addresses are IPv4 address extensions. In these cases, the right four bytes of the IPv6 address (right two byte pair) can be overridden in the IPv4 encoding. To change the above example in mixed signal yield:

E3 D7 :: 51F4: 9BC8: 192.168.100.32
Anyone on IPv6 addresses can be written in complete, short, or mixed instructions.

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